Thursday, December 20, 2012

What do you mean by “Baltic exchange; Quantitative easing and Giro?




What do you mean by “Baltic exchange?”
It is an exchange that handles the trading and settlement of both physical contracts and derivatives relating to shipping and maritime transportation. The Baltic Exchange provides daily prices for freight, and tracks shipping costs through several indexes. Traders use these indexes to settle Forward Freight Agreements (FFAs) which are freight futures contracts.
What do you mean by “Quantitative easing”?
Quantitative easing is an unconventional monetary policy used by central banks to stimulate the national economy when conventional monetary policy has become ineffective. A central bank implements quantitative easing by buying financial assets from commercial banks and other private institutions with newly created money in order to inject a pre determined quantity of money into the economy. This is distinguished from the more usual policy of buying or selling government bonds to keep market interest rates at a specified target value
What is meant by “Giro?
It is a payment transfer from one bank account to another bank account and instigated by the payer, not the payee. Giros are primarily a European phenomenon; although electronic payment systems such as the automated clearing house exist in the United States and Canada, it is not, as yet, possible to perform third party transfers with them.



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